ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ

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ᎠᎪᏩᏛᏗ Telegraf Claude Chappe ᎾᎿ ᎯᎠ Litermont ᎾᎥᏂᎨ Nalbach, ᎠᏂᏛᏥ

ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᎠᎴ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ (ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎪᎢ ᎤᏂᏁᏨ tele = ᎢᏅ ᎠᎴ graphein = ᎪᏪᎶᏗ) ᎨᏒᎢ ᎯᎠ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ-ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎳᏅᎯ ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᏄᏠᏯᏍᏛᎾ ᏄᎵᏂᎬᎬ ᎠᎯᏴᏍᏗ ᎪᏪᎵ ᏂᏙᏓᎦᏅᏅᎯ, ᎠᎴᏅᏔᏅ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎤᏯᏅᎯ. Radiotelegraphy ᎠᎴ wireless ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᏩᏗᏱ ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ. ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᎠᏠᏯᏍᏗ ᎾᏞᎬ ᏚᏙᏢᏒ ᎾᎯᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ ᏫᏓᏲᎯᏍᏗ ᏯᏛᎿ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ fax, ᎢᎺᎸ, ᎠᎴ ᎡᎵᏍ ᏓᎧᏁᎲᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᏂᎦᎥ. (ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ transmitting ᎠᎴ ᎠᎩᏍᎬᎢ ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎦᏬᎯᎸᏙᏗ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ, ᎠᏯ.e. ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ. ᎯᎠ ᎧᏁᏨ ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ ᎤᏩᏒ ᏂᎦᎥᏊ ᏩᏎᎯᎰᎢ ᎬᏙᏗ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ.) Wireless ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᎨᏒᎢ ᎾᏍᎩ ᎾᏍᏇ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ CW, ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏫᎬᎵᏱᎵᏒ ᏓᏍᏟᏁᎦ (ᎠᏫᏗᏍᎩ modulated ᎾᎥᎢ ᎾᎿ-ᎤᏣᏘᎾ ᏍᏚᎢᏍᏗ, ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᏚᎦᏘᎸᏒ ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱᎨᏍᏙᏗ ᎦᏬᏂᏍᎩ technique ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ ᎠᏓᏪᎳᎩᏍᎬ ᎠᏍᏆᎵᏍᏗ).

ᏕᎦᏃᏣᎸ ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ ᎠᏅᏬᏗ ᎬᏗᏍᎬᎢ Morse ᎠᏍᏓᏩᏛᏍᏙᏗ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ cablegrams, ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ shortened ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᏍᏕᏱᏛ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎯ ᎥᏓᏘᏃᎯᏎᏗ. ᎣᏂᏯᎨᏍᏙᏗ, ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎯᎠ Telex ᏓᎧᏁᎲ, switched ᏓᎧᏁᎲ teleprinter ᎤᏠᏱ ᎯᎠ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ ᏓᎧᏁᎲ, ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᎾᏅᏛ ᏥᏄᏍᏗ telex ᎨᏥᏃᎯᏎᏗ. ᎤᏓᎷᎸ ᎦᏅᎯᏓ ᎾᎿ ᎢᏴᎢ ᎠᎾᎦᎵᏍᎩ ᎠᏏᎳᏛ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎢᏳᏊ ᏱᏂᎦᎳᏍᏗ ᏰᎵ ᎠᏩᏛᏗ ᎠᎴ affordable, ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ ᎾᎾᏛᏁᎲ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎤᏙᎯᏳ ᎤᏂᎸᏉᏗ. ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎩ ᎢᏳᏓᎵᎭ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎦᎫᏍᏛᏗ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏓᏂᎾᏕᎬ ᎠᎴ, ᏧᏓᎴᎿᎢ e-ᎪᏪᎵ ᏫᎦᏅᏅ, ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ ᎨᏒᎩ ᏱᏓᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎬᏔᏅᎯ ᎪᏢᏗ ᎢᏯᏛᏁᏗ ᎧᎵᏗᎳᏏᏗ ᎪᏪᎵᎬᏂᎨᏒ ᎢᏗᎬᏁᎯ ᎾᏍᎩᎾᎢ ᏗᎦᎸᏫᏍᏓᏁᏗ ᏓᏂᎾᏕᎬ.

ᎤᏯᏅᎯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᎠᎴ ᎤᏯᏅᎯ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎪᏪᎵ ᎦᎴᏴᏔᏅ ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏔᏅ Ꮎ ᏥᏄᏍᏛᎩ ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᏂᏛᎴᏅᏓ ᏄᏩᏓᎴ ᎦᎷᎯᏍᏗ ᎾᎥᎢ ᎢᏗᎦᏘᎭ ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ.

ᎯᎠ ᎢᎬᏱ ᎪᎯᏊ ᎢᏴ ᏥᎩ ᎠᎾᎦᎳᏔᏅ transmitted ᎬᏙᏗ ᎢᏳ ᎢᎪᎯ: "ᎦᏙ ᎤᏍᏗ ᎤᎭ ᎤᏁᎳᏅᎯ ᎣᏍᏓᎯᎨ?" ᎠᏓᏅᏒ ᎾᎥᎢ Samuel Morse ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1844.
ᎠᏂᏯᏩᏍᎩ ᏄᎬᏫᏳᏒ ᏗᎾᎪᎳᏛᏅ ᎤᎵᏍᏕᎸᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ 1891.
Teletype ᏗᎬᏔᏂᏓᏍᏗ ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ ᎡᎶᎯ ᏓᏄᏩ ᎧᏬᎳᏕᏍᎬ
Siemens T100 Telex ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ.
ᎣᏂᏱᏳ-ᏗᏟᎶᏍᏙᏗ ᎩᎵᏏ Telecom ᏄᏁᎸᎾ ᎪᏢᏅᏙᏗ.

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